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The game is conducted publicly in an assembly; the students will be aware of what they receive and what others receive. If the same psychological biases appear in both types of decisions, it could serve as evidence of a connection at the decision process level. Please send a minimum to Be and Help the Community machines crises. In both cases though, the availability and vividness of the identifiable risk or victim elicits even more concern than the non-specific group of all such risks or victims. Any international shipping and import charges are paid in part to Pitney Bowes Inc. Environmental History. Specifying inconsistency between the micro and macro principles of justice.
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Login or create a profile so that you can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and searches. Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature. Distributive justice refers to the perceived fairness of one's outcomes.
When a reward is allocated or a decision is made, people often make a judgment whether or not the outcome was fair. This judgment is referred to as a distributive justice judgment because it has traditionally been an assessment of how resources are distributed, or allocated, to individuals. Scholars have sought to understand both how these judgments are made and, once formed, what the consequences of such judgments are. Distributive justice has received considerable interest in a variety of different academic disciplines including psychology, philosophy, business, and law.
The notion of justice is a topic that has interested scholars, philosophers, and psychologists for a long time. Great thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle, and Great thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates were some of the first to ponder this question of justice. Within the social sciences, the past half-century has witnessed considerable attempts to better understand justice.
While philosophers speak of justice as an objective truth about what is fair, scholars in the social sciences seek to understand what individuals perceive to be fair. Thus, when psychologists speak of distributive justice, they are concerned with what individuals perceive to be fair as opposed to a logic-based, philosophical argument for whether something is indeed fair or not.
The initial study of distributive justice within psychology began in the late s. The pioneering research involved studying members of the U.
In examining survey data collected from the troops, an interesting finding emerged. After examining the results more closely, it became clear that Air Corps individuals compared themselves to other members of their unit as opposed to individuals in other units with lower promotion rates. A perspective emerged that suggested that, over time, individuals develop expectations in their relationships with others. People are keenly aware of whether they are putting more into a relationship then they are getting out of it.
When individuals feel as if they put more into an exchange relationship than they get out of it, they tend to have negative reactions. A key point is that not all people will perceived distributive in justice the same way, because people have different referents other people individuals compare themselves to for determining whether there is an imbalance in the relationship.
Building on this idea of expectations in exchange relationships, other scholars further delineated between types of exchanges. For example, an exchange can be economic, whereby a tangible item of interest is exchanged, like an employee who works for a salary; or an exchange can be social, such that it is more subjective, like how one should repay a friend that does one a favor.
Thus, this perspective suggests that distributive in justice can occur whether economic or social exchanges are violated in some way.